Highly controversial group parades or political demonstrations are seen as a major threat to urban security, since the opposed views of participants and opponents can lead to violence or even terrorist attacks. Due to the movement of urban parades and demonstrations (UPM) through a large part of cities, it is particularly difficult for civil security forces (FCS) to guarantee security in these types of urban events without endangering one of the most important indicators of a free society.
OPMoPS (Organized Pedestrian Movement in Public Spaces) is a proposal for a three-year Research and Innovation project. In this proposal, the partners representing FCS will cooperate with researchers from academic institutions to develop a decision support tool that can help them in both the preparation and crisis management phase of UPMs. The development of this tool will be conditioned by the needs of the FCS, but also by the results of research into the social behaviour of participants and opponents. The latter, as well as the evaluation of legal and ethical issues related to the proposed technical solutions, constitute an important part of the proposed research.
The specific technical problems to be faced by the Franco-German consortium are: optimisation methods for planning the routes of UPMs, transport to and from the UPM, planning of FCS people and their location, control of the UPMs using fixed and mobile cameras, as well as simulation methods, including their visualisation, with special emphasis on social behaviour. The methods will be applicable to the preparation and organisation of UPMs, as well as to the management of critical situations of UPMs or to deal with unexpected incidents.
The Inria team of OPMoPS is composed of both RAINBOW and MimeTIC team members. The principal investigator is Julien Pettre (crowd simulation); the other members of the team are specialists of real time animation (Ludovic Hoyet), biomechanics (Anne-Helene Olivier and Armel Cretual), a research engineer (Julien Bruneau) and a PhD student (Florian Berton).
OPMoPS partners: Universität Koblenz-Landau Hochschule München, Polizei Rheinland-Pfalz Hochschule der Polizei Polizeipräsidien, Deutsches Forschungsinstitut für öffentliche Verwaltung Speyer, virtualcitySYSTEMS GmbH, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Université de Haute-Alsace, ONHYS, Centre de Recherche de l’Ecole des Officiers de la Gendarmerie Nationale.